Vaccines and why you need them

Vaccines helps teach your body how to fight external agent that can make you sick. Vaccination protects children from serious illness and complications of vaccine-preventable diseases which can include amputation of an arm or leg, paralysis of limbs, hearing loss, convulsions, brain damage, and death. Vaccine-preventable diseases, such as measles, mumps, and whooping cough, are still a threat.


Types Of Vaccines.

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1: Life attenuated Vaccine
These vaccine vaccine create a strong lasting immune responds most of love attenuated Vaccine need just one or two dose to give you a life long immunity.
Some life attenuated Vaccine can be dangerous to people who has had orgain transplant , it is advisable to talk to your healthcare provider before decieving them.
They need to be refrigerated always, in a chill container.
MMR , Rubella, Mumps, Measles, Rotavirus, chickenpox, Yellow fever, small pox.

Measles: This is a very serious disease that is very common, getting vaccinated against measles is very important, measles is very contagious and a serious case of measles can lead to brain damage, to be vaccinated against measles you can use MMR.
MMR protect both children and adults against Measles, Mumps and Rubella.
MMRV. Protect children against measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox.

It is deadly and contagious. Rotavirus can cause diarrhea (watery poop), which can lead to dehydration (not having enough water in the body).

Smallpox: Smallpox Vaccine helps your body develop immunity against small pox and protect you against smallpox, the vaccine is made from poxvirus called vaccinia.
Smallpox vaccination can protect you from smallpox for about 3 to 5 years. After that time, its ability to protect you decreases. If you need long-term protection, you may need to get a booster vaccination. 95% of those vaccinated for small pox are safe of smallpox.

Chickenpox
Chickenpox vaccine Protect children and adults from chickenpox
MMRV can be used to vaccinate against chickenpox.
It is important to take chickenpox vaccine because chickenpox is very contagious and spread easily from persons to persons it can cause lungs infection and pneumonia , chickenpox disease can cause shingles later in life. Shingles is a disease that cause painful skin rashes.

Yellow fever. Yellow fever is common in Africa.

About 170,000 get infected with chickenpox yearly in Africa. It is mainly recommended for travelers , people traveling out of their Region should get vaccinated against chickenpox. Seriousness from chickenpox infection can cause organ failure .

Another Type of Vaccine is

Inactivated vaccines

Examples are

Hepatitis A

Flu ( shot only )

Polio ( short only )

Rabies

Hepatitis A :

Getting vaccinated is the best way to prevent hepatitis A.

Most people who get hepatitis A only get a mild form of the disease. But in some cases, hepatitis A can lead to serious liver problems and death.

The hepatitis A vaccine protects infants, children, and adults from hepatitis A

The hepatitis A and B combination vaccine protects adults from both hepatitis A and hepatitis B

Flu ( Influenza )

Seasonal flu vaccine can prevent you from getting flu because every year people get infected with flu and protect the people around you.

Polio: Polio disease is a common disease and has killed thousand of people in the past , Polio is a very contagious disease it spreads easily from person to person and can lead to permanent disability, that is why polio Vaccine is important.

Rabies:

Rabies is not a common disease but can be deadly and people who come in contact with animals like veterinarians , If you’ve been bitten by an animal that could have rabies, or are at risk of coming in contact with rabies, it’s very important to get the vaccine.

Subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, and conjugate vaccines

Examples are Hepatitis b, HPV, Pneumococcal, Whooping Cough, Meningococcal, Shingles, Hib ( Heamophilus Influenza ) type b

Hepatitis B

It’s a common silent killer disease cause by hepatitis b virus it can cause organ failure that leads to death, it’s one of the major cause of Liver chirrosis , the good news is hepatitis b vaccine can give you up to 90% protection against the virus.

The hepatitis B vaccine protects infants, children, and adults from hepatitis B

The hepatitis A and B combination vaccine protects adults from both hepatitis B and hepatitis A .

HPV ( Human Papilomavirus ) it’s a killer disease that cause cancer and other disease like genital wart. HPV infections are so common that nearly all men and women get at least 1 type of HPV at some point in their lives and the complications can be serious.

HPV vaccine is very effective at preventing cancer and many other health problems caused by the virus.

It is important to get vaccinated against HPV because being vaccinated against HPV can protect your child from HPV infections that cause cancer.

HIB

Hib disease can be very serious. It can cause infections in different parts of the body including the brain and lungs. These infections can lead to serious complications, and can even be deadly.

The best way to protect your child from Hib disease is to make sure they take Hib Vaccine.

The Hib vaccine protects children and adults from Hib disease

The DTaP-IPV/Hib vaccine protects babies ages 2 through 18 months from Hib disease, tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough, and polio

Whooping Cough

Whooping Cough usually starts off like a cold and spread from persons to persons

Babies who get whooping cough can have dangerous complications, like pneumonia (lung infection), convulsions (uncontrolled shaking), and brain damage.

There are 2 vaccines that include protection against whooping cough:

  • The DTaP vaccine protects young children from diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough
  • The Tdap vaccine protects preteens, teens, and adults from tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough.

it is important for Pregnant women to get vaccinated against whooping cough.

Pneumococcal

Pneumococcal disease cause thousands of infections every year and can be prevented with Vaccine. It is contagious and spread easily from persons to persons ,it can cause infection in the lungs, lining of the brain and spinal cord, and blood.

If you’re and adults who smokes please get vaccinated

There are 2 types of pneumococcal vaccines:

  • PCV13 for all children younger than 2 years old and people age 2 years and older with certain health conditions. In addition, older adults may discuss and decide, with their vaccine provider, to receive PCV13.
  • PPSV23 for older adults, people age 2 and older with certain health conditions, and adults who smoke cigarettes

Meningococcal

Meningococcal disease is rare but can be prevented through vaccination and can cause damage to lining of the brain, spinal cord and blood infection.

There are 2 types of meningococcal vaccines:

  • The MenACWY vaccine for preteens, teens, and children and adults with certain health conditions
  • The MenB vaccine for people age 10 years and older who have certain health conditions — or are in an area with an outbreak of serogroup B meningococcal disease.

Shingle

The shingles vaccine which is called Shingrix® can give you 90% protection against Shingle.

Shingles causes a painful rash and blisters and it can lead to serious complications. The most common complication is post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN), a condition that causes burning pain that can last long after the shingles rash and blisters go away. The older you are when you get shingles, the more likely you are to develop PHN.

TOXIOD VACCINE

Toxoid vaccine is made by germs that cause the disease, they create immunity to the part of the germs that causes the disease instead of the germs itself.

Example of the vaccine are .

Diphtheria, Tetanus

Diphtheria: Diphtheria can cause both illness and germs to children but Diphtheria can give you up to 99.9% protection. These ranges from paralysis, pneumonia, lungs infection and lungs failure.

There are 4 vaccines that include protection against diphtheria:

  • The DTaP vaccine protects young children from diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough
  • The DT vaccine protects young children from diphtheria and tetanus
  • The Tdap vaccine protects preteens, teens, and adults from tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough
  • The Td vaccine protects preteens, teens, and adults from tetanus and diphtheria.

Tetanus: These isn’t common but deadly , tetanus infection can cause trouble breathing and painful muscle spasms that are strong enough to break bones. Tetanus can also cause paralysis (not being able to move).

There’s no cure for tetanus. Getting vaccinated is the best way to prevent tetanus.

There are 4 vaccines that include protection against tetanus:

  • The DTaP vaccine protects young children from diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough
  • The DT vaccine protects young children from diphtheria and tetanus
  • The Tdap vaccine protects preteens, teens, and adults from tetanus, diphtheria, and whooping cough
  • The Td vaccine protects preteens, teens, and adults from tetanus and diphtheria.

Typhoid vaccine

As we all know an average Nigerian treats typhoid every month but little do they know they can prevent typhoid with a shot of typhoid vaccine.

Typhoid (also called “typhoid fever”) is a serious disease caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria. Typhoid is cause by drinking or eating conterminated food and can lead to intestinal bleeding, kidney failure.

Typhoid vaccines are vaccines that prevent typhoid fever. Several types are widely available: typhoid conjugate vaccine, Ty21a and Vi capsular polysaccharide vaccine. They are about 30 to 70% effective for the first two years depending on the specific vaccine taken.

Typhiod Vaccine help prevent this disease in adults and children who are at least 2 years old. Get vaccinated today.

Don’t take typhoid vaccine is you have any of these underlying health condition.

  • fever with any type of infection or illness;
  • a bleeding or blood clotting disorder (such as hemophilia);
  • a weak immune system caused by disease such as HIV/AIDs or cancer; or
  • a weak immune system caused by receiving certain medicines such as steroids, chemotherapy or radiation.

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